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Título : Larval development of the spotfin tonguefish (Symphurus oligomerus Mahadeva and Munroe, 1990) (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae) from the Gulf of California, Mexico
Autor : Saldierna Martínez, Ricardo
Aceves Medina, Gerardo
González Navarro, Enrique A.
Palabras clave : Cynoglossidae, Biomasa, Eastern Pacific Ocean, Spotfin tonguefish
Fecha de publicación : 2010
Editorial : Fishery Bulletin
Resumen : Larval and early juvenile stages of Symphurus oligomerus are described from 24 specimens from the Gulf of California. Meristic features were 48–49 total vertebrae, 87–94 dorsal-fin rays, 73–77 anal-fin rays, 12 caudal-fin rays, and five hypural bones. Seven larvae and one juvenile were cleared and stained to obtain the pterygiophore formula (1-3-2-2- 2) that confirmed the identification of S. oligomerus. The pigment pattern from preflexion to juvenile stage consists of three bands on the dorsal margin and two bands on the ventral margin formed by star-shaped melanophores on the left side of the body. The intestine in pref lexion to postf lexion larvae forms an abdominal projection that ends in a short conical appendix. The intestine is supported by three cartilaginous struts; larvae with these physical attributes are called exterilium larvae. Pref lexion larvae have two elongated dorsal-fin rays, and in f lexion to postf lexion larvae the second to the fourth dorsalfin rays are elongate. We found an apparent connection between the size at metamorphosis of the species of Symphurus and the depth distribution range of adults such that the fish species that metamorphose at a larger size have a deeper distribution as adults and exterilium larvae seem to correspond to species that have deeper distributions.
URI : http://www.repositoriodigital.ipn.mx/handle/123456789/13766
ISSN : 0090-0656
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